Finding love and dating in haiti
In January 1804 the rebel generals declared independence, inaugurating Haiti as the first sovereign "black" country in the modern world and the second colony in the Western Hemisphere to gain independence from imperial Europe.
Since gaining independence, Haiti has had fleeting moments of glory.
In 2000, 95 percent of the population was of African descent, and the remaining 5 percent mulatto and white.
Some wealthy citizens think of themselves as French, but most residents identify themselves as Haitian and there is a strong sense of nationalism. Haiti covers 10,714 square miles (27,750 square kilometers).
Haitians refer to all outsiders, even dark-skinned outsiders of African ancestry, as blan ("white").
In the neighboring Dominican Republic, despite the presence of over a million Haitian farm workers, servants, and urban laborers, there exists intense prejudice against Haitians.
It is located in the subtropics on the western third of Hispaniola, the second largest island in the Caribbean, which it shares with the Spanish-speaking Dominican Republic.
The neighboring islands include Cuba, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico.
The imperial powers militarized the slaves, training them in the arts of "modern" warfare.
An early eighteenth century kingdom ruled by Henri Christophe prospered and thrived in the north, and from 1822 to 1844 Haiti ruled the entire island. marines began a nineteen year occupation of the country, Haiti was among the poorest nations in the Western Hemisphere. During the century of relative isolation that followed independence, the peasantry developed distinct traditions in cuisine, music, dance, dress, ritual, and religion.
The late nineteenth century was a period of intense internecine warfare in which ragtag armies backed by urban politicians and conspiring Western businessmen repeatedly sacked Port-au-Prince. Some elements of African cultures survive, such as specific prayers, a few words, and dozens of spirit entities, but Haitian culture is distinct from African and other New World cultures. The only ethnic subdivision is that of the syrians , the early twentieth-century Levantine emigrants who have been absorbed into the commercial elite but often self-identify by their ancestral origins.
With the adoption of a new constitution in 1987, kreyol was given official status as the primary official language.
French was relegated to the status of a secondary official language but continues to prevail among the elite and in government, functioning as marker of social class and a barrier to the less educated and the poor.
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Haiti, a name that means "mountainous country," is derived from the language of the Taino Indians who inhabited the island before European colonization.